The first half of Cooper's four-year term has been marked by frustration and litigation. When the Democrat wasn't fighting Republican legislative leaders in court over various measures they passed, his proposals were either being ignored or steamrolled by the GOP's veto-proof majority in the General Assembly.
Cooper vetoed 28 bills over the past two years – equal to the number former Govs. Mike Easley, Bev Perdue and Pat McCrory issued in the previous eight years – and Republicans have used their overwhelming majorities in the House and the Senate to override 23 of them.
The governor's annual budget proposals have fallen on deaf ears, with lawmakers setting their own spending priorities, and his occasional chiding of the General Assembly for policy differences only exacerbated the ill will between the two sides that has existed since before Cooper took office.
Cooper has had more success getting his way in the courts, which have overturned some GOP-backed laws, such as changes to the state elections board, and forced lawmakers to rewrite other measures, such as two proposed constitutional amendments that were later defeated.
But the GOP super-majority, which lasted for six years, is no more. Democrats picked up enough seats in both the House and the Senate in the midterm elections to give themselves and Cooper more leverage in negotiating the budget and policy proposals, as Republicans don't have enough votes to push through bills on their own if Cooper opposes them.
That balance might help Cooper fulfill more of his campaign promises before his term ends in January 2021. So far, he's achieved only four of the more than 30 promises WRAL is tracking.
Two of those victories came in 2017, with the repeal of the anti-transgender rights House Bill 2 and the restoration of the Teaching Fellows program. Last year's wins were both on the transportation front:
- The passage of the Build NC Bond Act sets aside up to $3 billion over the next decade for highway projects.
- The state Department of Transportation hired an outside consultant to review the contract for an Interstate 77 toll road project north of Charlotte, and the agency has devised a long-term plan through which the state will eventually assume control of the toll road. The toll lanes are set to open later this year.
On the flip side, Cooper has broken three of his promises so far, by WRAL's accounting, including two last year:
- While campaigning in 2016, Cooper insisted he could fund his proposals without a tax increase, not even reversing any of the tax cuts on the books that hadn't taken effect yet. But in his budget proposal last year, he called for freezing planned 2019 cuts to the individual and corporate income tax rates to pay for higher teacher salaries.
- Cooper promised to be more responsive to public records requests than McCrory, but his administration has not only been slow to respond to media requests, it also took months to provide lawmakers with records on the permitting for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline. Putting 19,000 documents on a password-protected site days before Christmas and calling that a response to legislative inquiries didn't help the perception of a lack of transparency.
Most of the promises remain works in progress – and they likely will remain as such until his term wraps up and a final call can be made. But Cooper's administration has shown progress on several fronts, from middle-income wage growth to raising teacher salaries to expanding broadband access in rural areas.
With a little help from the General Assembly, he likely will get to chalk up some more wins in the next two years, especially in economic and education-related areas.
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