Zoo EDventures: A stroll through the desert habitat
Join the Zoo EDventure crew on a stroll through the Zoo's Desert habitat! Discover the amazing ways animals adapt to this harsh environment and how plants get a drink in the dry desert.
It's Leslie at the North Carolina's You. Your school programs court later. Thanks for joining us today for our visit to the desert habitat. Here it's are suing Adventures were super excited to get you in seeing some of the meat habitats that we have around here learning a little bit more while you all, unfortunately are stuck at home. So we're here in our desert habitat today, and we're gonna be learning all about hot desert. So not cold deserts. You're Antarctica's your biggest desert in the world. It's a cold desert. We're going all about adaptations of animals that live in hot deserts. Now, you may have heard ISS thank you. Right on cue, right. You may have heard a very loud but call is really hard to miss when you come into the desert habitat that is our white headed buffalo. Really, they have very, very loud calls, and they've been kind of calling to each other. So if you hear that in the background, that's the white headed Buffalo week. We also have, like some other birds around here, so you may hear them as well, but definitely none as loud as those weaver birds. So We're right here at our Comodo Dragon Habitat. They at this stage there still are boreal. So it's way up there they are like that. Are Oriole at this point in time in their lives. And so when you come in when we open back up and if you come back here, you have to look straight up for those dragnets. We're gonna be having people answering your questions during this program. So feel free to put anything that you want to know about our desert habitat into the chat box. So come with me. We're going to go to our first stop to learn about some really need adaptations that hot desert animals most of the time they have to be able to deal with such hot temperatures. And one of the ways that animals can do that is by just getting out of the heat. So they will burrow or dig and live underground, including our first stop, which are the borrowing. Owls are brewing owls. Now. I know when we think of owls, usually we think of really big birds up in trees coming out at night. But borough owls, they are around during the day and they spend a lot of time underneath in their burrows, and they're kind of a little if you see right there are burning. Advil is kind of hanging out by what looks like driftwood that drift wood underneath is a tunnel that are keepers made so that animal can go down into the tunnel and then back over here, you can see kind of a bigger piece of driftwood, and there is a door. That door is where the keepers can open up, and then they can go in clean in there. And that's where their nest is. Very interesting underground, literally borough, just like their name says now. Also, in this habitat, we have a rose. Now I love the Roadrunner. If anybody has flown in and seeing the Roadrunner their super fun, they're not as biggest like most people think. I mean, I'm only like, Ah, lot of times people think they're like really big, especially when you think of like the Road Runner and the Coyote cartoons. But they're not super big. They're pretty small there about like this toll, and one of the neatest things about them is how they flirt with the ladies. So it is mating season right now in the desert. So you will probably hear birds more often because of that they're calling to each other. But the road runner, it will literally come up. It was running around there. It is way back in the background and see how it has its tail up. It has its tail up and they actually will come sometimes up to the window on. They'll start to kind of push their tail up and down. You can even see it a little bit right now. And it even has pressed on the top of its head that it will push up those feathers as well. But one of the neatest things that they do that I learned from is that road winner will sometimes come up and bring food and percent food. Teoh. And then he'll do kind of like a little dance and fans his tail just because you all need it. I will kind of do that. I will now demonstrate this dance. You ready? I'm ready. Ready? So when at home, What? You're gonna need to Dio you're gonna need to do this Dance is well because it's super fun. So their tail solve. They're kind of like down, up and down. And then they blare out there. Well, just this and that is how to flirt with the other Roadrunner. Ladies like saying with them, Teoh it. He presents his food to the keeper. So sometimes we'll do that dance to the keepers as well. A Superfund toe launch. But it is a neat kind of courtship that those Roadrunners so living underground, is one pretty big adaptations for living in a hot desert. Another one is gonna be right behind me Way haven't hear way Have lizards way to draw attention to the pancake tortoise, which is underneath kind of what is really cool about our habitats here Airline is you. Is that a lot of them have been made by our design team exhibit and that what looks like a dead tree is actually also fasting. Like for the animals. You can see how it gets kind of right underneath there. That's that. That Lambert, take a look at that tortoise that is can take toward us. I'm sure everybody guess why there's super now a box way. Think of turtles and tortoises. We usually think of a dome shaped and usually with tortoises to a lot of them have really shaped as well. This dome shaped works super well where turtles that were found around here. But for turtles and tortoises or tortoises that live in a desert, it doesn't make much sense to them because there's not kind of like the trees for them to be able to hide under. They have to be more flat and thin to be able to hide under small rocks. So with the pancake tortoises being that nice, flat shape, it's almost like all of this wouldn't even exist. Right. Being a nice flat shape allows them to be able to hide under a little tiny crevices in rocks to be able to escape from the sign. Look, one of the painting persons coming up you couldn't really tell now that flat shape by just by coming closer. One really other adaptation that these tortoises have desert tortoises have is they're able toe hold water for long time. They can even get as much water as they can out of their urine, and so they don't go to the bathroom. And as much as saying people do for animals that don't live in the desert, and that is a really cool adaptation to allow them TVA's much water in their bodies because, like I said, deserts doesn't ring very often, so they need to be able to get water where ever they one of the places that they get water? So right here we have a nice big food bowl, and in that I bet you can see some anybody here like salads that looks like a pretty delicious salad. It's got some lettuce. Looks like some carrots who might be hard to see, But I see some peas and what looks mitt? Maybe some apples or grapes. But one thing on there that is a little bit different than my Saleh's trade about white stuff that's on it. I guess maybe if I put some Parmesan cheese on my salad, but that is calcium, so we're able to give them a little bit extra calcium by dusting kind of. It's called like wrecked account, dusting it on top of their food so that they're able to get all of the nutrients that they need. So that's what that kind of life white dusty stuff looks like on the sound and you can even see this. Your amassed ICS right there, the one with the more spiky tail that is in your neighborhood or started to put you in the in separate spots. Anybody else do that? You can really see how flat that lizard is And like we're saying that the pancake tortoises that allows them to slip into tiny little crevices in rocks to hide from the really hot sun. So we're also our next adaptation or really, a story about the zoo here is gonna be back over way. We're talking about white headed Buffalo Weaver birds and they really need, and one of the reasons that they're called Weaver birds is they weave, which you know seems really interesting. Herbert, don't always think about that now. I don't You can see it way up there behind this really kind of tall what looks like old tree, but it's actually the insides of a cactus the way up there and way back in the back. So against the back wall is where usually look the white headed Buffalo Weaver birds build their nest. They build such a big nest that they had to actually take one down because it was on top of a habitat and it wasn't able Teoh kind of covering up so so much of the space. So when the season is, they had to take one of them down so they could build a new one in a different location. This is just this is even less so to make it fit into a big box. We had to cut it in half, You can see is pretty amazing. And there's even some like it looks like some not feathers, but kind of like dust bunnies and marrow. Most but a lot of this weaving material that they were able to weave together, and it also has a lot of sticks on it, too. One thing that was really cool is we. When we were getting ready for this way, hadn't set up there and then to Weaver's came down and they started being like, familiar. I don't know what that is, and they would like, get close to it and they get closer. And then I started to kind of take some of the stuff off the best and then take it to their nests right now. That's up there. So it was really cool the watch. I never seen weavers that close. So all of us, like cameras, were like video and it was really cool. That's a beautiful birds. They have this beautiful kind of like white and yellow on them, and they're pretty large birds. So I think. But I didn't think cool over here if we wanted to show you. We were talking about those delicious south me reptiles get. And we have a cool little reptile over here that is called a wallet, which I think is a super fun name for it. Over here, it looks like there's like maybe some mango in there, too. But he was just eating like we're saying that adaptation of getting all of that water because there's not a lot of water anywhere else. It's pretty neat. So our next adaptation, The Hot Desert. So I wanted to talk to you about way over there. Come on. I'm sure you'll notice, as were like walking around these huge and there's so many different types of practices, but kind of call all of the succulence and they get the name succulent because they suck up water way. We're talking about how it doesn't. There's not a lot of precipitation and hot deserts or desserts at all. So the plants of the desert are a little bit different. We did a really cool Facebook live all about plants of the desert that you'll definitely have to check out with one of our holder called horticulture early. But to kind of like go a little bit into it right now way have all of these different succulents that are able to kind of get all the water that and they made pretty meat. Well, now, when I thought of succulents, I thought of them is just kind of being like a giant sponge, right? But they do still have kind of a woody interior. So some of the woody kind of trees that looked like trees in here, that is the just woody interior of cactus. And you can kind of see that one right back there. That is that Woody interior of this takes a really long time to slow, very, very slow growing. But they have that woody interior that kind of gives them structure, and then this is pretty neat. I call this a cactus cookie. Some people have heard of tree cookies before. So here's your woody interior right here and then this is all sponge, basically spongy material. Right now it's dried up. So that's why it doesn't have kind of like that spongy feeling. But it's able to hold all of that water in there anything. Now, one of the other really cool things about them is that their root system. So when we think of like the plants around here, you think of groups that go straight down, right well for cactuses. Their roots go out. Since it doesn't rain so much, they need to be able to get as much rain from the top as possible. So their roots were to go down. They wouldn't be able to reach all that rain. It would just be kind of like whatever was near the top. But if there would go out, then there's all of that surface area for the cactus to be able to get as much water. And now another really neat thing I wanted to show you is this is what we call a rib, and this is also that kind of woody interior of a cactus. But you can kind of see even looks like if we think about our ribs, they protect us. They go around and they protect. And so, you know, for me rip system, right? Yeah, that makes sense. So ribs of a cactus to help create that structure as well? Because I get so tall, they still have to be able to have something supporting them, like a skeleton. What? They have all these little folds. I gotta be really careful. Don't want toe. Don't wanna poke myself. They have all these little folds, as you can see. And if it were to kind of like an accordion, how it can pull out, it can kind of get bigger and smaller. If it's were to suddenly suck up a bunch of water, then this part right here would come out further. So it would be not as deep does that make sense? So yes. Okay, kind of like a corny and go in and out and in and out, which is really a really neat adaptation to not being able to have a ton of water. So one other thing that happens with cactuses is there's a lot of animals that live in cactuses way. We're talking about how the borrowing algal. It will dig down into the soil to be able to get a place to hide. Well, a lot of other birds that don't dig down in the soil or the sand watch the big pain to the cactus. And I didn't know this before I started working here. It's one of the coolest things that I've learned Is that the taxes? It's a living thing, right? It's a plant. So the catfish, when an animal starts to kind of dig into it and to create a home, it protects itself and creates a scar. So this is called a fairy boot, which is also fun little name. This is kind of what that scar looks like inside of the cactus, and the bird would live in here, so the cactus is protecting the rest of it by kind of creating that scar and not loud ing all of the water. The have to go over there, since it doesn't need it over there anymore. But, yeah, it creates this very cool kind of like heart structure inside called the very boot. Very pretty neat. All right, so our necks had a adaptation adaptation to this app attack did it again, is one of my hair things to talk about. I love kind of like the kooky critters, or like the weird quitters of the world. They have my heart soul, probably because I find myself to be a weird critter. But one of the whole thing in here is this giant vinegar room, which is in a lot of people, Think of Iraq kids as only not just spiders. And one of my favorite Iraq nous is you're probably sitting there saying, like a bit of a room like Why? And one of their really need adaptations is but right behind it, where we usually think of a that can be anyone actually spray vinegar with and then as a defense mechanism they have. So even though they don't, they're related to scorpions. They don't have that sticker on the end. They like better. Basically, this is really good. I love vinegar, so I love it is a really neat defense mechanism that happened. They're completely harmless. I've worked with them before in my hand, and they just kind of like torrential is where they just kind of hang out and walk around a little bit, but they definitely do look pretty creepy, right? So just like the vinegar room spiders also are invertebrates, so they don't have a backbone. Like we have our guys that right there and our bodies things that have exo skeletons or skeletons basically on the outside of their body. But if you think about it, if you had to wear the same shirt your whole entire life that be pretty constricting, you grow out of it eventually. And you can't, you know, grow as big as you would need. Teoh, if you had the shirt from when you were a baby. So they will shed their exo skeleton just like we get bigger, Close as we get older. And it leaves this kind of perfect replica, which is really neat. And this is from HR, Angela. So because it's from a torrential A If I turn it over, you can see those right there. Things torrential A are venomous. The vinegar room is not venomous, the vinegar and uses that vinegar to defend itself. And most torrential, especially ones over in South America and North America. They have what we call Burdick ating hairs, which is a really fun word to say, er, educating and those hairs they can flick. And then they kind of make whatever's eating at itchy. So if you look all throughout, you can see these hairs and you don't see it on the abdomen as much. But that's where they get those eradicating hairs is from their abdomen. But if you're still messing with a spider, or if it needs to eat, they can use those things and then they have venom that they're able to push out through it. I'm sure you've heard us here at the North Carolina's. You talk about the difference between venomous and poisonous all the time. That is something that we talk about lapped. So venom injection fangs, stinger bees, venomous poison. You have to eat or look it don't grow on animals, everybody. That's always my first thing that I go to. Just don't go around looking and and you ingest it and then it makes you sick. So poison arrow frogs or poison dart frogs, they actually their whole body is poisonous. They secrete a poison because of an ant that they eat and spiders. They are venomous. They have those things that they used to inject venom. But the really neat thing and why I feel super comfortable handling our torrential Aziz, is that they aren't very toxic. So they have that venom. But it's not very strong. And as long as you're not allergic to it, you're pretty good. It's gonna feel more like a leash. Not fun, but not gonna hurt you. We have, Ah, one more friend that we're gonna meet over here in our air, in this area s O. Come along with me real quick way can find any animals. And here we do still have those nice food bowl out. And I do see one lizard Looks like it's resting over there. But one thing since it is resting One thing I did want to point out is this nice sign that we have right here. It says, yes, they are alive. We get this question all the time. So a lot of the animals that are in here they do lay out in the sun to get some warmth or they'll hide and they do tend to kind of not move too much. And if you think about the desert, if it's really hot all the time, they need to stay where it's not too hot and not too cold. So a lot of these animals kind of hang out in one place, and we get the question all the time. Are they alive? They sure are there just taking a nice rest, soaking up all the sun that they can. And then if they get too hot, they can move into a new area. So all of these really need adaptations that these animals have that allow them to survive and hot deserts. We can learn right here in our desert habitat. Things like living underground, like the burrowing owls not going to the bathroom is often like desert tortoises having a super nice flat shape like lizards and the pancake tortoise hide in those little premises and even just coming out at night. Instead, way hope to bring you some kind of more cool information about maybe some nocturnal animals in the future. We hope you come back and learn support. Cool stuff at Are you adventures there? Every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 10 o'clock join us again. Next time we'll see you, then everybody have a great day