National News

Why Is the Corpse Flower So Stinky?

Posted July 9, 2018 5:17 p.m. EDT
Updated July 9, 2018 5:18 p.m. EDT

Q: What makes the corpse flower that just bloomed at the New York Botanical Garden smell so bad?

A: The main chemical that makes the giant bloom of Amorphophallus titanum, also called the titan arum, so odoriferous when it first emerges has been identified by Japanese researchers as a sulfur compound called dimethyl trisulfide. Their study was published in 2010 in the journal Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry.

Dimethyl trisulfide is implicated in the notorious odor of boiled cabbage, emerging when all the more pleasant odors have been cooked away. It is also associated with cancerous lesions.

In the corpse flower, the volatile odor is dispersed by the heat the flower generates as the phallus-like bloom emerges, attracting carrion beetles and similar connoisseurs.

There are other culprits as the bloom continues, including dimethyl disulfide, which strikes a garlic note; isovaleric acid, which contributes to the smell of sour sweat; and methyl thiolacetate, with an odor that blends garlic and cheese.

Late in the blooming period, trimethylamine emerges; reminiscent of dead fish, the chemical also is produced by the decomposition of both animals and plants.