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Storms, landslides and heat hit Asia

Extreme weather is striking parts of Asia with deadly flash-flooding in Vietnam, a tropical storm prompting evacuations and disrupting travel in China and an ongoing heat wave in Japan.

Posted Updated

Sandi Sidhu
Susannah Cullinane (CNN)
(CNN) — Extreme weather is striking parts of Asia with deadly flash-flooding in Vietnam, a tropical storm prompting evacuations and disrupting travel in China and an ongoing heat wave in Japan.

In Vietnam, 21 people have died and more people are missing after Tropical Depression Son Tinh triggered flash floods and landslides, submerging villages in the northern provinces of Thanh Hoa and Yen Bai, state-run Vietnam News Agency (VNA) reported Sunday.

Local government groups are "searching for missing ones, arranging temporary accommodation for households who have lost their homes, and actively evacuating and relocating people from dangerous areas," VNA said.

The government is also mobilizing forces to fix infrastructure, including homes, heath care centers, hospitals and schools.

Winds from the storm had reached up to 52 kph (32 mph) at 10 a.m. Sunday local time (11 p.m. Saturday ET). It is expected to continue to affect Vietnam until Tuesday, according to the Vietnam National Center for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting.

CNN meteorologist Derek Van Dam said forecast rainfall estimates could approach 500 mm (nearly 20 inches) across northern Vietnam and southern China over the next few days.

190,000 relocated in Shanghai

Meantime, Tropical Storm Ampil is bearing down on eastern China -- impacting the area from Shanghai to Jiangsu Province.

More than 190,000 people have been evacuated to "safer" places in Shanghai as Ampil makes landfall, bringing with it heavy rain and strong winds, Chinese state media Xinhua reported on Sunday.

"Ampil, the 10th typhoon this year, has made landfall on the island of Chongming in Shanghai at 12:30 p.m. local time Sunday (12:30 a.m. ET), packing winds of up to 28 meters per second near its eye," the municipal meteorological observatory told Xinhua.

The local government municipal flood control confirmed that it has "completed relocating a total of 192,727 people living in the coastal areas as well as temporary housing and construction sites as of early Sunday morning."

Winds gusting up to 100 kph and heavy rain from Ampil are disrupting travel, with more than 500 international and domestic flights canceled at Shanghai's two main airports Sunday morning.

"Tropical Storm Ampil is fast-approaching Shanghai, affecting our airports' flight schedules. Several airlines have made the difficult decision of canceling certain flights leaving and arriving at Shanghai Pudong Airport and Hongqiao Airport between 0:00 and 20:00 on July 22," the Shanghai Airport Authority said.

CNN's Van Dam says air traffic control expects their takeoff and landing capacity to be reduced by 75% through mid afternoon Sunday, and all the city's ferry services have been suspended due to strong wind.

Rainfall amounts of 100-200 mm (4-8 inches) are forecast; with localized falls of up to 300 mm (12 inches).

Van Dam says the storm will weaken as it moves further inland but that heavy rain will continue as moisture is drawn into the region.

Further south, two tropical depressions are swirling off the coast of the Philippines -- one north-northeast and the other to the country's east.

The tropical activity is increasing the monsoon across the country, fueling heavy rain, Van Dam says.

Japan heat wave

Meantime, much of central and southern Japan is continuing to swelter in excessive heat.

Van Dam says nearly 110 million of Japan's 128 million people have been impacted by the heat wave over the past two weeks, with roughly 90% of the country experiencing extreme heat.

While temperatures remain in the mid-30s Celsius (90s Fahrenheit), the heat index -- which factors in relative humidity -- has soared into the lower and middle 40s.

"Sweating is only as good as your body's ability to evaporate that sweat off of the skin. Heat indices in the mid 40s are making it nearly impossible for the body's response to properly take effect," he says.

As of Wednesday, 13 deaths had been linked to the heat wave, following flooding that killed at least 210 in Japan earlier this month.

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