Authorities identified the woman as Carla Bagley, 50, of Greensboro. Her death does not appear to be suspicious, police said.
The incident happened about 7:30 a.m. The train was allowed to leave the scene around 9:45 a.m.
The train was Amtrak's Piedmont train, No. 73, from Raleigh to Charlotte, sponsored by the state Department of Transportation, DOT confirmed. It is scheduled to leave the Durham station daily at 7:30 a.m.
The accident happened about five blocks east of the station as the train was coming into Durham.