Garbage collectors will no longer make the trek behind homes. Instead, residents must bring the trash curbside.
The town council make the controversial decision to end the practice last year.
Proponents say curbside pickup will save the town close to $400,000 over six years.
Opponents, who packed a meeting leading up to the final vote, are worried that moving garbage from the back to the front of homes would take away from Chapel Hill's beauty.
Many residents say this is just another sacrifice a growing community has to make.
Half of the residents in the first neighborhoods selected has their trash picked up Monday; other residents will have trashed picked up on Tuesday.
Trash carts must be rolled out by 6 a.m. and should be off the street by 7 p.m.
The town granted exemptions for the elderly and disabled to continue to keep their trash out back.
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