The Wilson County Sheriff's Office said all eight students had handled a .357 caliber handgun at Speight Middle School.
The Sheriff's Office said school officials and investigators found the gun under the bed of one of the students' homes after another student reported to a teacher that a gun had been on campus.
Aside from a 10-day suspension, the students face juvenile charges that could put them in prison for 10 to 12 months.
The identities of the students -- five eighth-graders, two seventh-graders and a sixth-grader -- have not been released because they are minors.
Investigators said they do not believe the gun was loaded while it was at the school.
The names of the students are being withheld because they are juveniles.
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