Pressure is mounting on Virginia Democratic Gov. Ralph Northam to resign
Posted February 1, 2019 9:52 p.m. EST
Updated February 2, 2019 12:02 a.m. EST
CNN — Pressure was mounting on Virginia Democratic Gov. Ralph Northam late Friday to resign.
Northam, who apologized earlier Friday for appearing in a racist yearbook photo showing one person dressed in blackface and another in the Ku Klux Klan's signature white hood and robes, became a politician with few allies after a series of calls from prominent Virginia Democrats loosened the governor's hold on his job.
Statements from the Virginia Legislative Black Caucus, the Virginia House and Senate Democrats and former Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe -- who was governor when Northam was lieutenant governor -- ratcheted up the tension on Friday night. In the span of 30 minutes, the three groups and Northam's predecessor all announced they believed the governor must step aside.
The Virginia Legislative Black Caucus initially declined to call for Northam's ouster on Friday, saying they were "still processing what we have seen about the Governor" but labeling it "disgusting, reprehensible and offensive."
But in a major moment later Friday evening, the caucus called on Northam to resign in a shift that signaled Northam he was losing some key supporters.
"We just finished meeting with the governor. We fully appreciate all that he has contributed to our Commonwealth. But given what was revealed today, it is clear that he can no longer effectively serve as Governor. It is time for him to resign, so that Virginia can begin the process of healing," the caucus said in a statement.
Virginia House Democrats, a key block of support for the second-year governor, also pulled backed away from the governor late Friday.
"We are so deeply saddened by the news that has been revealed today. We are having trouble reconciling our experience with Governor Northam with what we see in this photo," the caucus said in a statement. "The Governor Northam we know is a great friend and ally, who has served and dedicated himself to our Commonwealth and the nation. However, constituents' trust in their elected officials is paramount. We regret to say that we are no longer confident in the Governor's representation of Virginians. Though it brings us no joy to do so, we must call for Governor Northam's resignation."
Virginia Senate Democrats added, "After seeing the yearbook pictures that surfaced of Governor Northam today, we were shocked, saddened and offended, Virginia has a complicated racial history and past, and those pictures certainly reflect that. Black face was used to ridicule African Americans and the Klan was a source of terror and intimidation. The racism engendered by these images was real then and resurrected by the images today. We are beyond disappointed."
The statement added, "The Ralph Northam we know is a pediatric neurologist, a dedicated public servant, and a committed husband and father. Nevertheless, it is with heavy hearts that we have respectfully asked them to step down."
Similar calls came from a number of 2020 presidential candidates, members of Congress and prominent liberal organizations, all of whom said Northam's apology on the issue was not enough. The NAACP also called for Northam to leave office.
While those calls were echoed by some Virginia Democrats, some lawmakers with deep ties to Northam -- including Sens. Tim Kaine and Mark Warner -- refrained from calling on him to resign. Both said they were shocked and offended by the photos, but in separate statements both said it was time for the governor to think about what comes next for him and to listen to those he has offended.
Northam, for his part, has vowed to finish his one and only term as Virginia governor, issuing a video statement on Friday evening where he apologized but pledged to remain in office.
The photograph, which was obtained by CNN, appears in the 1984 yearbook for Eastern Virginia Medical School yearbook. Northam apologized in a statement on Friday and did not say if he was wearing the KKK outfit or blackface, but the governor's repentance was far from enough for Democrats like Sen. Kamala Harris, former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro and a cadre of powerful Democratic organizations.
Castro was the first Democratic presidential candidate to call for Northam's resignation.
"It doesn't matter if he is a Republican or a Democrat. This behavior was racist and unconscionable," he tweeted. "Governor Northam should resign."
He was quickly joined by others, including Harris.
"Leaders are called to a higher standard, and the stain of racism should have no place in the halls of government," she tweeted. "The Governor of Virginia should step aside so the public can heal and move forward together."
And Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, who launched a presidential exploratory committee in December, joined the others.
"These racist images are deeply disturbing," she said. "Hatred and discrimination have no place in our country and must not be tolerated, especially from our leaders -- Republican or Democrat. Northam must resign."
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, of New York, who has announced she's running for president, initially stopped short of calling for Northam to step down, noting she had not seen the photo. Later on Friday night, she said she had seen the photo and felt it was time for Northam to leave.
"There aren't two sets of rules for our friends and our foes: Right is right and wrong is wrong. Americans deserve to be respected by their leaders, and racism cannot be excused in our government or anywhere else. Having seen the photo, I believe Governor Northam should resign," Gillibrand said on Twitter.
Sen. Cory Booker, of New Jersey, on the day he entered the presidential race, called for Northam to step down.
Booker tweeted, "These images arouse centuries of anger, anguish, and racist violence and they've eroded all confidence in Gov. Northam's ability to lead. We should expect more from our elected officials. He should resign."
Eric Swalwell, a California congressman who is considering a run, joined with those calling for Northam's ouster.
"No, you can't wear a black face or a white hood and lead a state. Not now and not ever," he tweeted. "But we are merciful people. Governor Northam should step down, seek forgiveness, and through good deeds earn the respect of the African-American Community."
Northam, a former pediatric neurosurgeon and Army doctor, won the governorship in 2017. In a statement released hours after the photo was first published by the far-right website Big League Politics, Northam confirmed he was in the photo and said in a statement that the costume was "clearly racist and offensive."
In a straight to camera video he later posted, Northam apologized again and said, "I cannot change the decisions I made nor can I undo the harm my behavior caused then and today."
The photo fell "short of the standard you set for me when you elected me to be your governor."
But he did not resign and vowed to serve out the remainder of his term.
Virginia Democrats' response -- while universally critical of Northam's judgement -- have been more mixed when it comes to whether the governor should resign.
"The racist photo from Governor Northam's 1984 yearbook is horrible. This causes pain in a state and a country where centuries of racism have already left an open wound," Kaine said in a statement. "I hope the Governor—whose career as an Army officer, pediatrician and public official has always manifested a commitment to justice and equality for all—now takes the time to listen to those he has hurt and reflect on how to move forward."
Warner said Northam much "carefully consider what comes next."
"This photo is shocking and deeply offensive, all the more so because of Virginia's long and painful history of racism and violence toward African Americans. The Governor must now listen to the people and communities he has hurt," he said.
If Northam were to heed the calls of those prominent Democrats looking to pressure him into stepping down, Justin Fairfax, the 39-year old, African American lieutenant governor, would be elevated to governor.
Rep. Elaine Luria, a freshman congresswoman from Virginia, broke with her Democratic colleagues in the state and called for him to step down.
"We need leaders who will bring us together instead of driving us apart. While it was proper for Governor Northam to apologize, there is no excuse for this type of photograph then or now," Luria said. "Unfortunately, the existence of this photograph does not bring us together. I ask Governor Northam to resign. This isn't about politics, this is about what is right and wrong."
As did Rep. Abigail Spanberger, another freshman congressional Democrat.
"Such conduct is unacceptable for any Virginian—whether occurring in the past, present, or future," she said. "Governor Northam must resign and fully acknowledge the painful past these images evoke. Bigotry has no place in Virginia."
The series of 2020 Democrats urging Northam to resign were joined by a growing group of powerful Democratic leaders and outside organizations.
"Black face in any manner is always racist and never okay," said Derrick Johnson, President of the NAACP. "No matter the party affiliation, we can not stand for such behavior, which is why the @NAACP is calling for the resignation of Virginia Governor @RalphNortham"
Liberal organizing groups also called for Northam's ouster.
"Northam's racist med school antics have no place anywhere in America," Daily Kos Founder and Publisher Markos Moulitsas said in a statement. "No apology is enough. Northam must resign immediately."
MoveOn.org, a progressive advocacy organization, also launched a petition calling on Northam to step down.
"In light of the recently uncovered pictures of Virginia Governor Ralph Northam in his medical school yearbook that clearly show he is a racist, Governor Northam must resign immediately," reads the petition.
And so did longtime Democratic operatives.
"Governor Ralph Northam admitted that he is pictured in the racist photo in his medical school yearbook. Making amends and rebuilding trust must start with resigning his post. Virginians deserve better," Ilyse Hogue, the President of NARAL- Pro-Choice America, tweeted Friday.
Hogue's statement is significant because, in the days leading up to his yearbook photo being made public, Northam was being criticized for controversial comments voicing support for a third-trimester abortion bill currently held in the state legislature.
Hogue's group had backed Northam from the criticism.