Geologist's philosophy of hurricanes turned upside down after Katrina
Posted August 29, 2015 10:48 p.m. EDT
When Michael Merritt moved to Baton Rouge in 2005, he never expected a hurricane.
“I heard about hurricanes from people who lived near coasts, and I always thought tornadoes were pretty impressive,” he said.
Merritt—a geologist—said his introduction to hurricanes quickly turned his philosophy upside down.
“My first hurricane was Katrina,” Merritt said. “I’ve changed my mind.”
Merritt said he found himself helping during the disaster, eventually offering his expertise in New Orleans and as commissioner for Louisiana's flood protection authority.
“Thirty-two percent of the city flooded because of the ferocity of the storm overwhelming the defenses,” Merritt said. “But 48 percent of the city—to make a total of eighty percent—flooded because the levees that had been built couldn't perform up to their nameplate capacity.”
Within the last decade, Merritt and a team of experts have used modern technology to perform 60 construction projects in which they've monitored for gaps and weak points.
Additionally, they've managed to construct one of largest rain water drainage pumps in the world.
”Levee reaches are formed like a good log chain, one link at a time, and some links are stronger than others,” Merritt said. “The greatest thing we can do is find and strengthen the weak links before they're tested.”
Merritt said the levees were not rebuilt. Instead, he said it's more accurate to say the parts that failed were repaired.