Officers found the cabdriver in the parking lot of a Food Lion store at Fayetteville and Pilot streets.
The cabdriver, whose name was not released, was taken to Duke University Hospital for treatment of non-life-threatening injuries.
The identities of the suspects haven't been released. Police have not discussed a motive in the shooting.
Anyone with information is asked to call Sgt. Pickrell at 919-560-4415, ext. 29305 or Crime Stoppers at 919-683-1200. Crime Stoppers pays cash rewards for information leading to arrests in felony cases and callers never have to identify themselves.