At Least a Dozen Civilians Killed in Afghan and U.S. Operation
Posted November 28, 2018 9:55 p.m. EST
Updated November 28, 2018 10:00 p.m. EST
KABUL, Afghanistan — An operation by Afghan and U.S. forces in the southern Afghan province of Helmand has left at least a dozen civilians dead, officials and residents said Wednesday, adding to the plight of noncombatants caught in the middle of the 17-year conflict.
Afghan and Western officials said that Afghan special forces had come under heavy fire overnight during an operation against the Taliban in the Garmsir District, and had requested U.S. airstrikes against Taliban fighters.
But on Wednesday, the officials acknowledged that civilians had also been struck. One Western official said that 13 civilians had been killed, in addition to 16 members of the Taliban. Residents of Garmsir put the number of civilians killed at 22.
Ghafoor Ahmad Jawed, a spokesman for the Ministry of Defense, said it had received reports of civilian casualties, but could not elaborate on numbers. He said a delegation had been sent to Helmand to investigate.
Sgt. 1st Class Debra Richardson, a spokeswoman for the U.S.-led NATO coalition in Afghanistan, confirmed that American advisers had accompanied the Afghan special forces when they came under heavy fire, including by rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns. She said the military routinely investigated accusations of harm against civilians.
“In self-defense, the ground force called an airstrike,” Richardson said. “At the time of the strike, the ground force was unaware of any civilians in or around the compound; they only knew that the Taliban was using the building as a fighting position.”
Residents of Garmsir said most of the civilians killed in the attack were members of a single extended family, relatives of a man named Akhtar Mohammad, whose home in the Kushti area was bombed.
Qudratullah Khan, a relative of Mohammad, said 22 members of the family — five women, five men and 12 children — had been killed and three others wounded.
“It was around 10:40 p.m. when the helicopters made circles over our village,” he said. “Later, a plane came and bombed Akhtar Mohammad’s home.”
“We buried them in the morning and brought the three wounded to the emergency hospital,” he said. “Akhtar Mohammad was a poor farmer living in a mud house. He was not aware of anything, but the cruel people bombed his home.”
Separately on Wednesday, there were reports of a large explosion in the east of Kabul, where many private security contracting firms and Afghan agencies have offices.
Najib Danish, a spokesman for the Interior Ministry, said a “complex” attack was underway, apparently targeting the base of G4S, a private security company. “A car bomb targeted the camp, and there is shooting in the area,” he said. According to Wahid Majroh, a spokesman for the Afghan Health Ministry, at least 10 people were dead and at least 19 wounded were transferred to Kabul hospitals.
With the long war in Afghanistan continuing its deadly turn, the United Nations has documented more than 8,000 civilian casualties in the first nine months of the year, including 2,789 deaths. The United Nations says about 25,000 civilian deaths have been documented since it started keeping data systematically in 2009.
In recent months, the United States has actively sought to bring the Taliban to the negotiating table, in the hopes of finding a political settlement to a war that all sides agree cannot be resolved militarily.
But the effort faces considerable hurdles, as the Taliban refuse to meet face to face with the Afghan government until the fighters have first discussed major issues with the United States. The Afghan government insists it needs to lead efforts for peace talks.
American diplomats have repeatedly met with Taliban officials in Qatar in recent months, something that has made the Afghan president, Ashraf Ghani, uncomfortable.
At a donor’s conference in Geneva on Wednesday, Ghani announced he had formed a 12-person negotiating team to lead talks with the Taliban, though the insurgents have yet to indicate whether they would meet with them.
“That Afghan government and society must lead and own the peace process,” Ghani said.