WRAL Investigates

WRAL Investigates: Private country clubs can claim nonprofit status

Posted February 5, 2013

— Carolina Country Club is one of the most prestigious clubs in Raleigh. Formed in 1910, membership to the five-star facility is invitation only. The club’s latest tax forms show it generated close to $13 million from dues and other sources. Thanks to its nonprofit status, the club pays no corporate income tax.

The Internal Revenue Service tax code says social clubs can apply for tax-exempt status. That includes private country clubs that charge tens of thousands of dollars just to join.

The National Football League and other big-time sports get the same tax breaks.

Marty Martin, an attorney who specializes in more traditional non-profits, such as churches or charities, says country clubs don't get all the breaks that charities do. However, country clubs are also not required to have any charitable purpose.

“Is there a public good that's being served here that justifies a tax subsidy?” Martin said. “Are these organizations demonstrating positive impact, and how can they demonstrate that to the community at large?”

At one time, country club members could deduct their dues. However, Congress ended that tax perk in the 1990s. The clubs do pay property and sales tax and tax on investment and non-member income. The real advantage is that they do not pay corporate income tax.

Carolina Country Club showed $1.2 million in profit in its last report, and every member-related dime is tax free. Duke University tax law professor Rich Schmalbeck says that sets them apart from for-profit clubs.

country clubs Some NC country clubs get tax-exempt status

“When (for-profit clubs) have revenues that exceed expenses, they do pay tax on that,” he said.

The WRAL Investigates team examined the books of several area nonprofit country clubs. Chapel Hill Country Club brought in $6 million in total revenue. MacGregor Downs Country Club in Cary brought in more than $4 million. North Ridge Country Club in Raleigh collected more than $9 million in total revenue.

According to the newest tax returns, none of the clubs took advantage of the tax exempt status because all three lost money. All of their expenses go to salaries and amenities.

“Even if they use the profits simply to expand their facilities, there are lots of companies that mostly use their profits to expand their facilities and they still have to pay corporate income tax,” Schmalbeck said.

The nonprofit status does come with strings. New member advertising is restricted, profit can't pay dividends and clubs must open their books.

“One of the trade-offs is that these documents are public documents, because it's your money and my money that is indirectly subsidizing the operation of these types of organizations,” Martin said.

WRAL Investigates tried to contact all of the private clubs mentioned in the story for comment, but no one returned the calls. Not all private clubs claim nonprofit status. Clubs such as Raleigh Country Club and Prestonwood Country Club in Cary have for-profit ownership groups. It's a business decision for each club, and tax code gives them the option.


This story is closed for comments.

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  • pdbullard Feb 7, 2013

    "How about no tax exempt status for anybody?" All people pay taxes on their income. The question is when people get together and pool their after tax money to do something together, should it be tax again. Say five people pool money to buy season football tickets together and take turns going to game. Should their new football "club" pay taxes on their dues collected to buy the tickets? Of course not. Same with with people to pool their after tax income to play golf. Should volunteer fire depts pay tax on donated revenues to your fund raising events?

  • kermit60 Feb 7, 2013

    How about no tax exempt status for anybody? No clubs, sports teams, churches etc. As a volunteer firefighter I serve a public good, so maybe I should be alowed to claim myself as tax exempt.

  • racheliza Feb 7, 2013


  • pdbullard Feb 7, 2013

    What about all those homeowners associations. They collect thousands in revenue and pay no taxes. All the fancy swimming pools and covered parking garages for the rich republicans and not one dime in income taxes. Unbelievable. Stop the HOA taxpayer subsidies now. Watch out rotary club, we coming for you next. And while we are at it those Girl Scout cookies bring in tremendous revenues we need to tax.

  • bombayrunner Feb 6, 2013

    ... and Non-Profits like Barber can harass them.

  • john51 Feb 6, 2013

    to wdwmk: when you spend your already-taxed money on groceries, or whatever, you don't get taxed on it again. And I mean income taxes, not sales tax. A country club is simply a way for people to pool their money in order to have something they couldn't afford individually, like a golf course. Do you really think they should be taxed a second time on their own money?

  • Ken D. Feb 6, 2013

    "Here is a perfect loophole to be closed, and the GOPers are screaming to keep it open"

    There is no loophole here. Just a common sense interpretation of the meaning of "income". Nobody is "screaming to keep it open" because it just isn't an important issue. I am as far from being a Republican as you can get, and I believe attempts to tax private social clubs are wrong headed and philosophically misguided.

  • Krimson Feb 6, 2013

    Here is a perfect loophole to be closed, and the GOPers are screaming to keep it open... I'm *shocked* to see that their talk of trimming our deficits is just bologna...

  • WooHoo2You Feb 6, 2013

    WooHoo2You::::WRAL is a news agency not a lobbying group…they are doing exactly their intended purpose.

    They sure do cuddle up with the dems a lot, may as well be lobbying for them.-driverkid3

    You only say that when you don’t like the story / facts.

  • severaltitsup Feb 6, 2013

    Is the FCC and the NCPUC aware of these WRAL practces?