WRAL SmartShopper

WRAL SmartShopper

What are your financial goals for 2015?

Posted December 31, 2014

Budgeting 101


As we come to the end of another year, have you thought about your financial goals for 2015? What are you saving for or paying off? Are you on track with your monthly budget? Please share in the comments section.

One of the best ways to keep on track with your financial goals this year is to create a household budget.  If you don’t have one, you need one– now. It is like a best friend that wants to help you become debt free and achieve financial freedom. Listen to what it “says,” and you will know what you need to do in order to live comfortably within your means. It’s one powerful piece of paper!

A basic budget shows you how much money is coming in, how it’s being spent and how much you have left over at the end of the month (and hopefully you have some left over!). Developing a budget is serious business, and a workable, realistic budget is the key to helping you meet your financial goals. Be prepared to sit down with your financial records, a pencil, a calculator, some scrap paper and plenty of chocolate (trust me, you’ll need it). Feel free to work on part of the budget one evening and finish the next night. Creating a budget takes a few hours, but doesn’t have to happen in one long marathon session.

To develop your household budget, start by printing the Budget Worksheet at the link above.

1. Look over the worksheet categories and amend them to fit your income and expenses. Add and delete categories as they apply to your specific earnings and spending habits.

2. Calculate your average monthly income including net employment income, spouse’s income and all other sources of income.

3. Use your checkbook, bills and receipts for the last two to three months to average how much you are actually spending per month on the budget categories listed.

4. For expenses that occur more or less often than monthly, convert the annual amount to a monthly figure when calculating the monthly budget amount. For instance, if your homeowner’s insurance is paid yearly, divide that annual cost by 12 to obtain the monthly amount.

5. Total the income category and total the expenses category.

6. Subtract the total expenses from the total income to calculate your net income (Income – Expenses = Net Income)

7. If your Net Income is a positive number, good for you! This means that you have money left over at the end of the month after your expenses have been paid. Apply any extra money to paying off debt and increasing your savings. Remember that extra money left in a checking account tends to be spent.

8. If your Net Income is a negative number, then your expenses equal more than your income and it is time to make some immediate adjustments in your spending. You are living beyond your means and it is time to apply some frugal living techniques right away. Click on the Frugal Living Series Week 2: Getting Out of Debt link above to get started.

9. Review and update your budget quarterly (or at least every 6 months) to see if any changes need to be made and to ensure that you are staying on track. I know that sounds like a lot of updating, but you can see at a quick glance if anything has changed in the categories and make changes as needed. Your budget will let you know right away if you are spending more than you should. “Listen” to it carefully and heed its warning if you are spending too much.

10. Once you have completed your budget, it is time to record your daily expenditures in order to determine where you can cut expenses and control total spending. Track your expenses, every day, for everything you spend in a month (minimum of 2 weeks). I know this sounds like an incredibly tedious project (and it is), but it works – I promise. At the end of the month, you will have a crystal clear picture of where your money REALLY goes and what non-essential expenses you can cut immediately to get to a positive net income.

You have now made it through the eye-opening world of budgeting and should have a much better idea of where you stand financially. Continue to update your budget, especially as your expenses drop and you live more frugally. Here’s to a fabulous, frugal and debt-free year!

As I always say, it’s your money – spend it wisely!


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  • beckyjanm Jan 2, 2015

    LOSLTP Thank you! We only knew about the recycling place in Raleigh but we will check out the other two facilities to see where the kids can get the best deal. Your help is greatly appreciated.

    Faye - Thank you for your kind words and all you do to help all of us save $$$

  • Faye Prosser -WRAL Smart Shopper Jan 2, 2015

    beckyjanm - That is a great way to raise money for such worthy charities. Kudos to your kids!

    Thanks for the recycling info, Losltp!

  • losltp Jan 1, 2015

    I go to J and D Recyclers in Durham or C& J Iron and Metal of NC in Oxford
    You can call each and get current prices and hours .
    There is another one towards Garner but I forgot the name
    GOOD LUCK to your boys on their projects !
    What a nice thing to get them involved in - helping the earth and others at the same time !
    You might ask if there are any "specials" on certain days or to certain groups

  • beckyjanm Jan 1, 2015

    LOSLTP Where do you take your aluminum and other metal to be recycled for cash. My children are doing a service project to raise money for charities like Ronald McDonald House and Duke Children's Hospital by recycling metal for cash and we would like to get the most money we can for their efforts.

  • Faye Prosser -WRAL Smart Shopper Dec 31, 2014

    losltp - good ideas for additions! Thanks for posting. And it is really exciting to see how much we save!

  • losltp Dec 31, 2014

    Thanks Faye .
    I added a column to our spreadsheet for coupons/discounts ( what I save ) and one for recycling - I average about $40 a month for aluminum and steel food and beverage cans ( mostly cat food cans ) . It is very exciting to see what I save each month shopping wisely !