Tzipi Livni Fast Facts
Posted July 8, 2013
Here is a look at the life of Tzipi Livni, former foreign minister of Israel.
Personal: Birth date: July 8, 1958
Birth place: Tel Aviv, Israel
Birth name: Tziporah Malka Livni
Father: Eitan Livni, businessman and politician
Mother: Sarah (Rosenberg) Livni
Marriage: Naftali Shpitzer (1984-present)
Children: Omri and Yuval
Education: Bar-Ilan University, L.L.B., 1985
Military service: Israeli Defense Forces, early 1980s
Other Facts: Livni's parents were fighters in the Irgun Zvai Leumi, a right-wing Zionist guerilla group that fought against the British occupation of Palestine in the 1940s.
Nicknamed "Mrs. Clean" for her reputation as being uncorrupt.
Prot-g- of former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
Former member of the Likud Party.
Second female foreign minister of Israel. Golda Meir was the first (1956-1966).
Timeline: 1980 - Livni joins the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad and is posted in Paris.
1984 - Begins law school in Israel.
1986-1996 - Practices law, specializing in the areas of commercial, constitutional and real estate law.
1996 - Loses her first campaign for a seat in the Knesset (Israeli parliament).
1996-1999 - Director general of the Government Companies Authority.
1999 - Elected to the Knesset. Serves on the Constitution, Law and Justice Committee and the Committee on the Status of Women.
2001 - Is appointed minister of regional cooperation and agriculture.
2003 - Is appointed minister of immigrant absorption, housing and construction and justice and foreign affairs.
2005 - Livni joins the Kadima, a political party created by Ariel Sharon.
January 2006 - Is appointed foreign minister.
May 2006 - Is appointed deputy prime minister.
November 2006-February 2007 - Serves as minister of justice.
2007 - Named one of Time magazine's Most Influential People in the World.
September 18, 2008 - Elected leader of the Kadima party, replacing Ehud Olmert.
February 2009 - Livni's Kadima party wins 28 seats in Israel's parliamentary elections. However, Livni is unable to put together a coalition government. President Shimon Peres asks Benjamin Netanyahu to form a government, causing Livni to lose the prime ministership.
March 2009 - Livni steps down as foreign minister and becomes the leader of the opposition in parliament.
May 2011 - Livni calls on Prime Minister Netanyahu to resign, saying he has harmed the important relationship between Israel and the United States.
March 28, 2012 - Loses her fight to remain head of Kadima, Israel's main opposition party. She is defeated by former Israel Defense Forces Chief Shaul Mofaz, who took 62% of the votes to Livni's 38%.
May 1, 2012 - Livni resigns from the Knesset.
June 14, 2012 - Following statements suggesting that the Kadima party will not exist for the next Knesset election, a petition circulates seeking Livni's removal from the party.
June 20, 2012 - Joins Desert Queens, an Israeli all-women adventure competition in India.
November 27, 2012 - Forms the Hatnua party. Hatnua means "the movement" in Hebrew.
February 19, 2013 - Livni's Hatnua party joins Prime Minister Netanyahu's coalition government and takes the role of justice minister.
May 2013 - Livni is re-elected to the Knesset.
July 29, 2013-April 25, 2014 - Chief negotiator for Israel during the peace talks with Palestinians organized by US Secretary of State John Kerry.
December 2, 2014 - Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu orders a letter of dismissal for Livni and calls for the dissolution of the nation's legislature.
December 10, 2014 - Announces run for the position of prime minister along with Isaac Herzog as the Zionist Union ticket.
March 18, 2015 - Herzog and Livni concede defeat and lose the election.