Tolls or ads? Lawmakers seek ferry funding changes

Posted May 28, 2013
Updated May 30, 2013

— North Carolina ferries could soon sell sponsorships, advertising, concessions and even Internet access under a bill that won approval in the House Transportation Committee Tuesday.  

House Bill 475 would freeze scheduled toll increases originally set to take effect July 1, giving the state another year to find other ways to pay for the ferry system, the second largest in the country after Washington state's system. 

As amended in committee, the bill would leave current tolls in place on three of the state's seven ferry routes but would stop the Department of Transportation from raising them. 

Two other routes that would be tolled for the first time would also be spared. Commuter ferries at Cherry Point-Minnesott Beach and Bayview-Aurora would remain free for one more year.

"What this bill attempts to do is put off tolling for a year and allow DOT and local governments to come up with ancillary funding schemes," said sponsor Rep. Charles Jeter, R-Mecklenburg. 

Jeter said he and the bill's three co-sponsors – Reps. Paul Tine, D-Dare, Frank Iler, R-Brunswick, and John Torbett, R-Gaston – toured the coast to meet with local officials and businesses that would be affected by the toll increases.

"We felt like these were things that were avenues that could raise the funds necessary not to raise the additional tolls," Jeter said. "We strongly believe this is the right thing to do for the communities and a good thing to do for the state."

Tine told the committee the ferry system is more cost-effective than building expensive bridges over the routes, which he said would cost more than $1 billion.

"We operate all seven for about $36 million a year," he told the committee. "It’s a transportation system just like it is anywhere in the state."  

But critics of the proposal said the new revenue streams should be considered in addition to the toll increases, not instead of them. 

"We can’t afford to operate what we’ve got," said Rep. Edgar Starnes, R-Caldwell.

The background

In 2011, lawmakers searching for funding for the system required DOT to raise $5 million a year through tolling.

At the time, they took two routes off the table – Hatteras-Ocracoke and Currituck-Knotts Island – because there are no alternative land routes available for those runs.

In 2012, lawmakers opted to delay the toll increases by a year after a political battle with then-Gov. Bev Perdue left the legal status of the increases on uncertain ground. 

The tolls

Under rules approved by the Department of Administration in last May, the following increases wold take effect July 1, 2013: 

Cedar Island-Ocracoke and Swan Quarter-Ocracoke, the state’s two longest ferry routes, are now tolled at $15 each way per car. That would rise to $27 each way, plus $5 for each passenger in the car. 

The Southport-Fort Fisher route is currently tolled at $5 per car. That rises to $10 per car plus $2 per passenger. 

Bayview-Aurora, free now, would start charging $10 per car plus $2 per passenger. 

Cherry Branch-Minnesott Beach, free now, would go to $4 per car plus $1 per passenger.

Hatteras-Ocracoke and Currituck-Knotts Island would remain free.

However, because the new rule brought in more than 10 protest letters from the public, the toll increases are now on hold pending legislative review.

Amanda Reeder with the DOA says, under the state's rule-making laws, the rule is stayed until at least June 2014 to give lawmakers a chance to vote to disapprove it. The only way to shorten the delay would be for the DOT to seek to have the rule put in place temporarily or to seek an executive order imposing the increases.  

Senate budget

Senate leaders sought to find a way around the rules review process in their 2013 budget proposal. 

Senate Bill 402 instructs DOT to begin collecting tolls in November on all seven routes, including Hatteras-Ocracoke and Currituck-Knotts Island. It also exempts the toll program from the rule-making process, ensuring it could not be delayed or changed by public input.

That provision has not been approved by the House.

Who pays? 

An analysis by the DOT in February predicts that the approved ferry toll increases will generate net revenues of $3,429,000.

It also includes some interesting statistics on where that money would come from. 

On the two long routes to and from Ocracoke Island, out-of-state visitors made up 54 percent and 52 percent of traffic. But systemwide, only one out of four cars using state ferries were from out of state.

The state’s busiest commuter ferry route is Cherry Branch-Minnesott Beach. From November 2011 to October 2012, it had an annual ridership of 177,905 vehicles and 48,192 tourists.

The Cherry Branch services the Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station.

The Bayview-Aurora route is also primarily commuter, with an annual ridership of 54,214 vehicles versus 13,774 tourists.

Commuter passes would be available for $175 (car plus driver) on the Cherry Branch route and for $250 (car plus driver) on the Bayview Route.


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  • hpr641 May 29, 2013

    The NC Ferry System should either be run like a private enterprise, or sold to a private enterprise. The NC Ferry System can run its own operations and "eat what it kills" in terms of its own financing (tolls, advertising, concessions, parking, internet access, donations, etc.). They would also be much more free to offer volume discounts for frequent users (e.g., a 10-use rate or a yearly pass), and maintain & replace their fleet as needed.

    Lawmakers would lose direct control of the Ferry System ... but hey, wouldn't people with a railroad, shipping, or trucking background obviously be more qualified to run the Ferry System than a group of politicians from the western and middle parts of the state with educations in law?

  • nerdlywehunt May 29, 2013

    Charge them the full cost of providing that service.....that way only the people that use it pay for it!!!! A REAL free enterprise solution..........

  • oddportal May 28, 2013

    We should funnel state money into Coastal hospitality groups so they can buy ads on the ferries.... If only we had a device which connected great visual and written content about our great beaches in our state to the world. Local people who could reach out and tell the world about the attractions and places to be seen. The rest of the world has small local websites which bring hoards of tourist but in 2009 the social spending liberal democrats hid the NC Amazon Tax in the 2009 budget and destroyed the emerging NC Local website industry ... so I guess we are left tricking the system by funding the advertisers with state money to advertise on our ferries... Instead of private locally owned websites which would wrap our ferries with their website address from their advertising revenue.

  • miseem May 28, 2013

    I think it's time for the representatives from the coastal region to start suggesting any new bridges put up in non-coastal areas be paid for by tolls. Those bridges are not free either. When a ferry is the only reasonable option for getting from place to place in this state, it should be considered no different than a bridge crossing the Neuse River. Want to charge for one, charge for them all.

  • whatelseisnew May 28, 2013

    I can see raising the tolls, but a per passenger charge seems excessive. I would like to see the tolls cover the cost of the ferries, operating costs and maintenance. No such thing as free as mentioned in the article. Someone is paying the cost.

  • kdawg May 28, 2013

    Ouch, $27 each way to-from Ocracoke, plus $5 per passenger? Yeah, find a way to work with sponsors, sell Internet, install slot machines, and open a bar. That's a little pricy! A family of four considering a vacation on Ocracoke may choose to go elsewhere on a road-connected island if they have to fork out nearly $100 just to get to-from Ocracoke. I'm surprised the outer banks tourism industry isn't up in arms over these fare increases. Not that some increased revenue stream isn't needed, just hopefully they can find alternatives as noted.