Local News

State sees Cape Fear fish ladders as a darned good idea for dams

Posted July 8, 2008

— The state wants fish ladders on the Cape Fear River to help some popular kinds of fish get upstream to Fayetteville and beyond, and that idea grabs anglers – hook, line and sinker.

The river looks free, but it’s not. There are three dams across it. Boats use locks to bypass them, but that’s no help for shad, Atlantic sturgeon and other species that try to make it upstream to spawn.

"The traditional, historical spawning grounds for these species is the Cape Fear about 30 miles upstream of Fayetteville,” said state wildlife biologist Keith Ashley.

Now, state wildlife officials propose building fish ladders, made of rock ledges, that would gradually slope from the river to the top of the dam.

"It will be a series of rock arches, of fairly large step boulders," Ashley said.

The Cape Fear River has three sets of locks and dams – one near Riegelwood, one in Elizabethtown, and one on the Cumberland-Bladen County line. One in seven fish are able to get past them, but the ladders could spawn a fishing bonanza.

Ladders, essentially man-made rapids that allow fish to pass over the dams, are a new concept in North America, Ashley said. He said they are fairly common in Europe.

“They are being looked at in a new light, so that we can do all we can to improve fish passage,” Ashley said.

Officials say they figure the number of striped bass could jump from 10,000 to 2 million. Sturgeon could go from 100 to 5,000, shad from 200,000 pounds caught to 3 million. They calculate that the catch of river herring could go from 1,000 pounds to 12 million pounds.

Each ladder will cost up to $7 million.

Supporters say that will buy anglers a lot of good luck.

The Army Corps of Engineers built the dams between 1915 and 1935 to help commercial barges navigate the river. No commercial traffic has come up the river in more than a decade.

A bill in the General Assembly envisions having the Corps construct the ladders as part of improvements before the state takes control of the three dams. The Corps has to undertake mitigation work on the river in return for Fish & Wildlife Service permission for dredging in the Wilmington area.


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  • CrewMax Jul 9, 2008

    It would be interesting to know what the projected economic impact this would have on the the river corridor. It would have to
    be huge. But, I don't want to spend another 7 million and wait two
    years - just build the ladders!

  • jbyrd Jul 9, 2008

    "This seems like a win-win situation for both the fishermen and the fish. It also seems like it would have little enviromental impact."
    UNC Alumnus

    It would have a huge environmental impact, a VERY GOOD impact.

  • Pineview Style Jul 9, 2008

    Ironically, last night I just got around to watching a program I recorded on the History Channel a while back about dams. They have built fish ladders around some of the dams on the Columbia River in Washington State. Also, when the fish are moving down stream, special screens have been installed to divert the fish away from the turbines in the dam and on down stream.

  • rollrsk8ter Jul 9, 2008

    So if they did this...were would the 1st dam the fish could not get past be? Buckhorn?

  • Bendal1 Jul 9, 2008

    I suspect the dams are there to keep the river high enough for boat/barge use during the summer and drought conditions. Building the fish ladders is a good idea and since the Corps has to do something anyway for mitigation purposes, worth the cost as well.

  • colliedave Jul 8, 2008

    Each ladder will cost up to $7 million.

    And where would cut to pay for the dams?

  • oldschooltarheel Jul 8, 2008

    this project, in lieu of removing the dams (which sound like they are no longer serving useful purpose), would go a long way to improving the lives of many North Carolinians, from recreational anglers to commercial fishermen to the consumer of anadromous fish (chock full o' omega fatty acids y'all). Let's see if our esteemed legislators don't find some way to prevent this from happening in our lifetimes.

  • CrewMax Jul 8, 2008

    7 million per dam would be a bargain (why not blow the dams?).
    The benefits over the years would quickly offset the price.

  • UNCalumnus Jul 8, 2008

    This seems like a win-win situation for both the fishermen and the fish. It also seems like it would have little enviromental impact.