PITTSBURGH, Pa. — Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry selected a former rival, North Carolina Sen. John Edwards, to be his running mate Tuesday, calling him a man "who has shown guts and determination and political skills in his own race for the presidency of the United States."
Edwards arrived in Pittsburgh around 5:30 p.m. Tuesday. The candidates plan to launch a multistate campaign tour in Ohio on Wednesday, ending in North Carolina on Saturday.
With his announcement in Pittsburgh, a huge crowd of supporters burst into applause, waving handmade signs that mixed with professionally printed "Kerry-Edwards" signs kept under wraps until the last minute.
"I trust that met with your approval," Kerry said with a smile as a banner unfurled behind him that read, "Kerry-Edwards. A stronger America."
, Edwards said he was "humbled and thrilled" to accept Kerry's offer.
"I've served with John Kerry," Edwards said. "He is a man of strength, character and courage. He has a vision for our country that will make life better for all Americans -- those in the middle class who struggle every day to make ends meet, and the millions of Americans fighting to enter the middle class.
"I look forward to seeing all of you in the days ahead and talking to the American people about the next president of the United States."
Kerry described Edwards as a man who "understands and defends the values of America." He said Edwards has shown "courage" and "conviction" while fighting for middle-class Americans -- as well as "for those struggling to reach the middle class."
Kerry also said Edwards is "a man whose life has prepared him for leadership, and whose character brings him to exercise it."
Rep. Dick Gephardt of Missouri, Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack and Sen. Bob Graham of Florida emerged as finalists in a search that began four months ago with a list of about 25 candidate and a mandate to find a political soul mate who would be "ready at any minute" to assume the presidency.
Kerry called all three also-rans, and perhaps one more, shortly before the rally, an aide said. He also telephoned 2000 Democratic nominee Al Gore, who in turn talked to Edwards.
Kerry offered Edwards the No. 2 spot on the Democratic ticket in a telephone call Tuesday morning.
In his 15-minute call to the North Carolina senator, Kerry said: "Teresa and I would like to ask you and Elizabeth to join us on our ticket to take back our country."
Kerry first announced his pick by
e-mail to supporters
, then at the rally. Edwards was at his home in Washington's Georgetown neighborhood when Kerry made the announcement.
U.S. Senate candidate Erskine Bowles praised Edwards for the job he has done.
"As vice president, John Edwards will take his North Carolina values to work every day to make America one America, in our schools, in the workplace, and in our communities," he said.
Edwards was the last major candidate standing against Kerry in the Democratic presidential race. He emerged as a favorite second choice of Democratic voters, thanks to his youthful good looks, a self-assured manner and an upbeat, optimistic style. He saved his harshest criticism for President George W. Bush, who he accused of creating "two Americas" -- one for the privileged, another for everyone else.
Some Democrats were concerned that Edwards, whose only political credential was a single term in the Senate, lacked the experience in international affairs, particularly in wartime, to be a credible candidate to assume the presidency in the case of death, resignation or removal.
Kerry privately complained to associates during the campaign that Edwards hadn't served long enough in the Senate -- or politics for that matter -- to deserve a shot at the presidency.
Aides said he was won over by his private meetings with Edwards, his performance as a campaign surrogate since the primary fight ended and pressure from Democratic leaders who pushed Edwards as a vice presidential pick.
Edwards and Kerry had few major policy disagreements -- both supported the decision to go to war in Iraq, for example, and both voted against the $87 billion package for Iraq and Afghanistan.
One division was over the North American Free Trade Agreement: Kerry voted for it, but Edwards campaigned against NAFTA, which the Senate approved before he was elected. Edwards made trade, jobs and the economy the centerpiece of his campaign, questioning Kerry's vote on NAFTA but not pledging to seek its repeal.
They also differed in some ways on how to approach some issues. Both called for rolling back the Bush tax cuts, but Kerry proposed eliminating the tax cuts for those who make more than $200,000 a year while Edwards set the ceiling at $240,000. Kerry voted against the ban on so-called "partial birth" abortion passed by Congress, but Edwards did not vote. A more clear-cut difference was Kerry's opposition to the death penalty and Edwards' support of it.
Kerry finished first and Edwards second in the Iowa caucuses in January, surprising front-runner Howard Dean and driving regional favorite Dick Gephardt out of the race. Dean finished second to Kerry in the New Hampshire primary, and as Dean lost the next dozen delegate contests, the race became a contest between Kerry and Edwards.
Yet Edwards could never muster enough momentum to overtake his Senate colleague. He won only a single state during the competitive phase of the primary, his native South Carolina, and ended his bid following the 10-state Super Tuesday elections on March 2.
North Carolina gave Edwards a victory in its first presidential caucus on April 17, but the vote meant more as a boost to his standing at the Democratic National Convention and to his potential as a running mate.
Edwards, 51, was born in Seneca, S.C., and grew up in Robbins. His father was a mill worker, and he announced his presidential campaign from the factory, then closed, where his father had worked and where he had swept floors to earn money for college. He earned a bachelor's degree from North Carolina State University in 1974 and a law degree from the University of North Carolina in 1977.
A Methodist, Edwards and his wife, Elizabeth, have three children: Cate, Emma Claire and Jack. Their son Wade died in a traffic accident at age 16 in 1996.
Edwards worked in private practice in Nashville and Raleigh for nearly two decades, earning a fortune from medical malpractice and product liability judgments.
Although Edwards portrayed himself as a champion of ordinary people hurt by large corporations, the American Tort Reform Association described him as "a wealthy personal injury lawyer masquerading as a man of the regular people."
Pouring millions of his own dollars into North Carolina's 1998 Senate campaign, he challenged Republican Sen. Lauch Faircloth. The incumbent failed to persuade people that Edwards was no more than a lawsuit-happy lawyer, losing his seat to the upstart politician by 4 percentage points.
In the Senate as well as on the campaign trail, Edwards tended to take a moderate stand on issues. Outside of North Carolina, he gained more public attention from media-coined nicknames like "Golden Boy" and as
magazine's "sexiest politician."
On behalf of Senate Democrats, he was part of the team that deposed former White House intern Monica Lewinsky and others linked to the impeachment case of former President Bill Clinton. Although Edwards had served just two years in the Senate, Al Gore considered him as a running mate in 2000 before choosing Sen. Joe Lieberman of Connecticut.
Edwards supports abortion rights and opposes private-school vouchers and partial privatization of Social Security. He backs domestic-partner benefits for same-sex couples yet opposes gay marriage - and a constitutional amendment against it. He does not favor drilling for oil in the Arctic refuge.
In education policy, Edwards proposed offering one year of free tuition at public universities and community colleges for students who agree to 10 hours of community service a week and wants to double federal spending on public-school teacher training.
Edwards' health care proposals focused on providing better care and coverage for children. He has proposed tax breaks to make children's health coverage affordable to families that agree to buy it. Under his plan, a family of four earning less than $60,000 would pay less than $370 a year for their kids' insurance; a lower income family of four would pay about $110.
He also advocates subsidies to help two-thirds of uninsured adults buy health coverage. People aged 55 to 65 could buy into Medicare, under his proposal, and unemployed workers who are not wealthy could continue coverage from their last jobs with 70 percent federal subsidies.