Health Team

Couples face few options with unused frozen embryos

Posted December 8, 2008
Updated December 9, 2008

— There are about 400,000 stored embryos across the country and their future is in frozen limbo. They are the extra embryos of fertility treatments for couples wanting a baby.

Five years ago, Jacqueline and Randy Betancourt turned to in vitro fertilization to help them start a family. The IVF treatments also led to extra embryos that went into cold storage for possible future use.

Once they had two sons, the Betancourts felt unprepared to make a morally acceptable decision about the unused embryos.

“That was something that, looking back, would have been better if there was kind of a menu of options laid out for us,” Jacqueline Betancourt said.

Dr. Anne Lyerly, a Duke obstetrician, says that, depending on where couples received IVF treatments, some options may not be available to them.

“We learned that of all the options that were sometimes available, that research was the most popular option,” Lyerly said.

Lyerly lead a research survey of 1,000 IVF couples that found 41 percent preferred donation for stem cell research, while 54 percent planned to keep the embryos for future use. Sixteen percent wanted to donate to another infertile couple, and 12 percent preferred discarding them. Couples were able to choose more than one option, so results total more than 100 percent.

Lyerly says she also learned that couples seeking fertility treatments need more information up front.

“They are likely to face a morally difficult decision about disposing of those embryos,” she said.

The Betancourt's remaining embryos weren't considered high enough quality to donate to another couple, so that option was never available.

“It was a joint decision, and we decided to donate them to science,” Jacqueline Betancourt said.

They hoped, she said, that the embryonic life they created might still help someone else.

Duke researchers say there is not enough funding to conduct research on embryonic stem cell lines currently available to them. They are keeping the embroys frozen in hopes of finding greater funding in the future, however.


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  • Cricket at the lake Dec 10, 2008

    Try adoption.

  • Ol Forrester Dec 10, 2008

    There's an interesting article on adult stem cell usage at
    The author seems to be a quadraplegic but it's up to you to evaluate his level of bias.

  • jlee158 Dec 9, 2008

    Up to now, no human being has ever been cured of a disease using embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells, on the other hand, have already cured thousands. Using human embryos for research is neither morally right nor the greatest promise for curing diseases.

  • scientistjo Dec 9, 2008

    The doctor has to take several eggs because the chances that one will work is low, and it costs over $10,000. Soon you will be able to donate your eggs to research to cure many human diseases. That sounds much better than throwing them out.

  • Yelena Dec 8, 2008

    I think this is why the Catholic church has it correct in this instance. Life begins at conception.

    Make infertility treatments affordable, so couples don't have to go on an egg harvest frenzy and wind up in a position where they a multitude of unwanted embryo's. Why do doctors put patients in a position where they need to destroy 10 to 20 potential babies, after fighting so hard to get them?