Japan withholds annual dues for UN cultural agency
Posted October 14
TOKYO — Japan has withheld dues for the U.N. cultural agency, saying it wants to make sure the organization functions properly, a gesture seen by local media as a protest against the registration for world heritage status of China's documents relating to the Nanking massacre.
Japan disputes China's historical views on the 1937 massacre of Chinese citizens by the Japanese military. China says up to 300,000 people were killed, while Japanese nationalists have largely played down or denied the incident. Japan also has criticized UNESCO's listing last year of Chinese Nanking documents as a memory of the world.
On Friday, Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida, when asked by a reporter, confirmed that Japan withheld UNESCO dues of nearly 4 billion yen ($40 million) for this year. He refused to say whether it was to protest the agency's move to list the Chinese documents.
A Foreign Ministry official later said that Japan is watching to see if UNESCO is living up to its founding purpose of promoting peace among member nations through education, and will consider the timing of its payment while examining whether the U.N. body is operating appropriately.
There is no deadline for a member nation to pay its annual contribution. Nonpayment could lead to a member nation losing its voting right at the body's general meeting, Kishida said.
Japan provides 9.7 percent of UNESCO budget, the body's second-largest donor after the U.S., which is at 22 percent. Washington has suspended its dues since 2011, when Palestine began participating in UNESCO.
Differences in views on wartime history have long strained relations between Japan and China.
In 2014, China submitted documents on the 1937 massacre, which became known as the Rape of Nanking. The documents were registered on the heritage list last October.
Japan has criticized UNESCO's "unilateral" registration system, which it says failed to give Tokyo access to the documents for verification, adding that the process lacked fairness and transparency.
Follow Mari Yamaguchi at https://www.twitter.com/mariyamaguchi
Find her work at http://bigstory.ap.org/content/mari-yamaguchi