Immigration overhaul? GOP, Dem senators vow action

Posted January 28, 2013

— Side by side, leading Democratic and Republican senators pledged Monday to propel far-reaching immigration legislation through the Senate by summer providing a possible path to citizenship for an estimated 11 million people now in the U.S. illegally.

The senators acknowledged pitfalls that have doomed such efforts in the past, but they suggested that November's elections – with Hispanics voting heavily for President Barack Obama and other Democrats – could make this time different.

Passage of the emotionally charged legislation by the Democratic-controlled Senate is far from assured, and a taller hurdle could come later in the House, which is dominated by conservative Republicans who've shown little interest in immigration overhaul. Obama will lay out his own proposals Tuesday, most of which mirror the Senate plans.

Besides the citizenship provision, including new qualifications, the Senate measure would increase border security, allow more temporary workers to stay and crack down on employers who would hire illegal immigrants. The plans are still short on detail, and all the senators conceded that months of tedious and politically treacherous negotiations lie ahead.

But with a re-elected Obama pledging his commitment, the lawmakers argued that six years after the last sustained congressional effort at an immigration overhaul came up short in the Senate, chances for approval this year are much better.

"Other bipartisan groups of senators have stood in the same spot before, trumpeting similar proposals," said Sen. Charles Schumer, a New York Democrat. "But we believe this will be the year Congress finally gets it done. The politics on this issue have been turned upside down."

Schumer argued that polls show more support than ever for immigration changes and political risk in opposing it.

"Elections. Elections," said Sen. John McCain, an Arizona Republican. "The Republican Party is losing the support of our Hispanic citizens, and we realize that there are many issues on which we think we are in agreement with our Hispanic citizens, but this is a pre-eminent issue with those citizens."

Immigration Immigration reform proposal gets mixed reaction in NC

Obama got 71 percent of the Latino vote in November, compared with 27 percent for Republican Mitt Romney.

The president will endorse the Senate process during an event in Las Vegas Tuesday, administration officials said. He will outline a similar vision for overhauling the nation's immigration laws, drawing on the immigration "blueprint" he first released in 2011.

The blueprint focuses on four key areas: a pathway to citizenship for the 11 million illegal immigrants in the U.S., improved border security, an overhaul of the legal immigration system and making it easier for businesses to verify the legal status of workers.

"We can't go on forever with having 11 million immigrants in the country in the shadows. Our system needs to be reformed," said Moris Aldana, who works with illegal immigrants for the North Carolina Latino Coalition. "We are part of the workforce in this country. We make this country greater."

Ron Woodard, director of N.C. Listen, which has sought tighter immigration laws, called the Senate proposal nothing more than amnesty.

"To somehow give a legal right to work to people who broke the law to come here and to sort of throw our existing unemployed under the bus is obscene," Woodard said.

He said the promises of tighter border security and requiring employers to verify workers' immigration status have been made before.

"The amnesties always happen, but we never seem to get around to funding or even doing anything about real, real enforcement," he said.

A similar proposal in 2007 by McCain and the late Sen. Ted Kennedy never even made it to a vote. Woodard said he suspects the new plan won't gain traction

Aldana said he believes the country's attitude is different now than in years past and that compromise is possible.

"We are really really hopeful that everything's going to change this year," he said.

Seeking to ramp up pressure on lawmakers, the White House has prepared formal immigration legislation that it could sent to Capitol Hill should the Senate process stall, administration officials said. The officials spoke on the condition of anonymity in order to discuss internal strategy.

Like the president's blueprint, the Senate proposals also call for a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants already here. But lawmakers want the creation of that pathway to be contingent upon securing the border and better tracking of people in the U.S. on visas.

The Senate's five-page framework also calls for overhauling the legal immigration system, including awarding green cards to immigrants who obtain certain advanced degrees from American universities, creating an effective high-tech employment verification system to ensure that employers do not hire illegal immigrants in the future and allowing more low-skill and agricultural workers.

In a sign of the challenges ahead, the proposals immediately got a cool reaction from Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky.

"This effort is too important to be written in a back room and sent to the floor with a take-it-or-leave it approach," McConnell said. "It needs to be done on a bipartisan basis and include ideas from both sides of the aisle."

Sen. Jeff Sessions, R-Ala., said on the Senate floor, "No one should expect members of the Senate are just going to rubber-stamp what a group has met and decided."

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid applauded the framework and said, "I will do everything in my power to get a bill across the finish line."

Pressures from outside groups from business to organized labor to immigrants themselves will be immense, even as lawmakers warily eye voters for their reaction.

Besides McCain and Schumer, the senators endorsing the new principles Monday were Democrats Dick Durbin of Illinois, Robert Menendez of New Jersey and Michael Bennet of Colorado and Republicans Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, Marco Rubio of Florida and Jeff Flake of Arizona.

Several of them have worked for years on the issue. McCain collaborated with the late Democratic Sen. Edward M. Kennedy on the comprehensive immigration legislation pushed by then-President George W. Bush that failed in 2007.

The group claims a notable newcomer in Rubio, a potential 2016 presidential candidate whose conservative bona fides may help smooth the way for support among conservatives wary of anything that smacks of amnesty. Rubio has been working with the group while also detailing his own similar immigration proposals to selected media, getting a generally positive reaction from conservative media.

"There are 11 million human beings in this country today that are undocumented. That's not something that anyone is happy about; that's not something that anyone wanted to see happen, but that is what happened. And we have an obligation and the need to address the reality of the situation that we face," Rubio said Monday.

As the group turns to the work of writing legislation, which they hope to see come to a vote in the Senate Judiciary Committee in March, there may be most disagreement over the path to staying in the U.S. legally. In order to satisfy the concerns of Rubio and other Republicans, the senators are calling for the completion of steps on border security and oversight of those here on visas before taking major steps forward on the path to citizenship.

Even then, those here illegally would have to pass background checks and pay fines and taxes in order to qualify for a "probationary legal status" that would allow them to live and work here — and not qualify for federal benefits — before being able to apply for permanent residency, a critical step toward citizenship. Once they are allowed to apply they would do so behind everyone else already in line for a green card within the current immigration system.

That could be a highly cumbersome process, but how to make it more workable is being left to future negotiations. The senators envision a more streamlined process toward citizenship for immigrants brought here as children, and for agricultural workers.

Outside groups including Latino advocacy organizations, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and organized labor were quick to praise the emerging framework. But some also sounded notes of caution.

Richard Trumka, president of the AFL-CIO, questioned a proposal by the Senate group to require illegal immigrants to provide proof of employment before they can gain legal status. Trumka said it could exclude millions of workers "who cannot prove employment because they have been forced to work off the clock or have no employer by virtue of being independent contractors."

Deepak Bhargava, executive director of the Center for Community Change, questioned the process being set out for the path to citizenship. "If the details are not done correctly, the path to citizenship can take far longer than it is reasonable. There is real concern about those details," he said.


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  • Grand Union Jan 29, 2013

    "It's a shame that, partly because of previous amnesty programs, the republicans are now in a position where they can't get elected without rewarding a huge number of people who got here through their disregard of the law. When we are building 12-ft concrete walls around our house with razor wire on top, like those in Mexico and Central America, it will be too late...maybe it already is."

    The republicans painted themselves into this corner when they decided to follow the tea party.... The GOP has no interest in fixing this problem as it provides a pool of cheap exploitable labor and depresses all US wages. They will pass a few laws to make things tougher on the illegals so as to make it easier to exploit them but they will never do the one thing that would fix it quickly.....jail the employers.

  • goldenosprey Jan 29, 2013

    A growing coalition of repubs in the Senate and House supports this because the hispanic vote lost the election for their Mormon plutocrat. How quickly they scramble to reverse their sacred principles when it's politically expedient. A little more honorable than trying to nullify the popular vote and founding principles with their election scheme, but a flip floppin sell out nonetheless.

  • common tater Jan 29, 2013

    It's a shame that, partly because of previous amnesty programs, the republicans are now in a position where they can't get elected without rewarding a huge number of people who got here through their disregard of the law. When we are building 12-ft concrete walls around our house with razor wire on top, like those in Mexico and Central America, it will be too late...maybe it already is.

  • junkmail5 Jan 29, 2013

    Amnesty is not an overhaul.- lessismore

    And this overhaul isn't amnesty

    Amnesty would be they just waive their hands and say all is forgiven, you're good now.

    That's not, even remotely, what is being suggested.

  • lessismore Jan 28, 2013

    Amnesty is not an overhaul... Deportation is an overhaul....then let them line up and come in the legal way.

  • lessismore Jan 28, 2013

    This is not an's the selling of our country to illegals....

  • lessismore Jan 28, 2013

    Millions now, millions more to follow.... Reward illegals with health care, food, welfare and it will only get worse. They know what they do to our country...and for what, a vote to stay in office. These politicians will sell our country to illegals to stay in office.

  • rednek Jan 28, 2013

    This is rewarding criminal actions! Now there will be no stopping the fence jumpers,river swimmers. Reagan started this invasion by giving amnesty while he was President. Our government rounded up non citizens after WW2 so returning soldiers could find jobs, millions of them, why cannot it be done NOW? It is not that difficult to find them, just attend and illegal protest rally, thousands can be arrested. Every time I see one of them brag about being illegal and not afraid of being deported, I wonder how they can break the laws of the USA and get away with it and I get arrested and punished for breaking our laws. Different laws of course, but US laws still.

  • MTex Jan 28, 2013

    First of all, the may be 11 million illegals, but NOT ALL of them will qualify for the residency. They should have a good criminal record. Second, if they where getting warefare, they should pay it all back. Third, the people who have been waiting for years, should be the first to qualify. It's just plain rediculous for them to wait 15 years to the resident card.