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Early astronaut training housed in Chapel Hill

Posted March 31
Updated April 1

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— Years of training goes into becoming an astronaut, and some of the most basic training took place in North Carolina.

Morehead Planetarium, on the campus of the North Carolina at Chapel Hill, trained 62 astronauts in the early days of the space program from 1960 to 1975.

Long-time Morehead Planetarium director Tony Jenzano first suggested that NASA train astronauts at the planetarium to navigate using the stars.

“The whole history of Morehead and the astronaut training really is sort of like a hidden jewel that most people don’t realize until they get here,” said Richard McColman of the Morehead Planetarium.

Learning to navigate using the stars, astronauts would have been required to have a fallback if their systems failed.

“It may be important for the astronauts to learn how to navigate in space using the stars much in the same way the ancient sea mariners used the stars at night to find their ways across the oceans,” said McColman.

Mercury pilot Gordon Cooper lost power on a mission and had to use the celestial navigation he learned during training in Chapel Hill.

“It turned out that Cooper made the most accurate landing using the training he got here at Morehead of the entire Mercury program,” McColman said.

The planetarium staff had a code phrase for when the astronauts were coming to train—"cookie time." The code let everyone know that astronauts were headed toward the building. Staff at the planetarium would leave out cookies and soft drinks for the astronauts.

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  • Charles Boyer Apr 1, 1:58 p.m.
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    Apollo 13 put that training to good use, as celestial navigation was an integral part of their post-incident flight.

  • Hessian Diesel Apr 1, 9:50 a.m.
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    I wonder how long it will be until people from Ohio get their panties in a bunch over this...

  • Janet Ghumri Apr 1, 9:27 a.m.
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    That is so cool! We've always loved the planetarium, it's a great field trip