CIA no longer arming anti-Assad rebels, Washington Post reports
Posted July 20
US President Donald Trump has ordered the CIA to discontinue a program of arming and training anti-Assad rebels in Syria, according to a report in the Washington Post which cites unnamed US officials.
The move is seen as controversial, given Russia's opposition to the rebels and Moscow's strong support for the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
"It's a strategic mistake.... (support for the rebels) was a pressure point on Assad and a pressure point on the Iranians... and the Russians," according to Bob Baer, CNN Intelligence and security analyst and former CIA operative.
"It looks like, to me, that he just gave that as a gift to Vladimir Putin for no quid pro quo and that's not the way diplomacy works. We should've used this, we should've demanded, for example, safe zones so the Sunnis wouldn't get hit from the air... so this is just inexplicable, why he would do this.
"He's lost his pressure point... it's crazy, frankly, I've never seen anything like it."
Former US President Barack Obama signed the covert directive in 2012, US officials told CNN at the time.
The then-administration said it would step up its assistance to the opposition in the wake of a 2012 failure by the UN Security Council to agree on tougher sanctions against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's regime. Russia and China vetoed those measures.
CIA-funded weaponry started flowing to Syrian rebel groups the following year.
The Obama administration had resisted arming the rebels, citing concerns about the infiltration of extremists groups who could possibly use those weapons against other targets, CNN reported at the time.
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Trump has spoken about ditching the Obama-era program in the past. In November he spoke to the Wall Street Journal about the arming of rebels, saying that he didn't think it was productive to be fighting Syria which is fighting ISIS.
"I've had an opposite view of many people regarding Syria," he said in the wide-ranging interview.
"My attitude was you're fighting Syria, Syria is fighting ISIS, and you have to get rid of ISIS. Russia is now totally aligned with Syria, and now you have Iran, which is becoming powerful, because of us, is aligned with Syria.
"Now we're backing rebels against Syria, and we have no idea who these people are."
However, the decision to remove the CIA's support for the group will be under scrutiny, given how closely the move aligns with Russia's support of Assad's regime.
The timing of the move, given multiple US government investigations into the Trump campaign's links to the Kremlin, will also raise eyebrows.
"The context of this is, at the meeting in Hamburg, Trump let Putin go on the hacking," Baer said.
"He's not addressed the hacking and rather than taking some sort of retaliation against Putin for the hacking, he gave him a gift. The optics of this couldn't be worse."
The Post reports that the decision came nearly a month ago, ahead of Trump's meeting with Putin on the sidelines of the G20 talks in Hamburg in early July.
In April, following Assad's chemical attack on his citizens -- an attack he continues to deny responsibility for, putting the blame instead on rebel groups -- US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley told CNN that removing Assad from power is a priority, cementing an extraordinary U-turn in the Trump administration's stance on the embattled leader.
Trump, before his election, described fighting ISIS and seeking Assad's removal at the same time as "idiocy."
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It was recently confirmed by the White House that the two leaders had a second, previously undisclosed side conversation at a social dinner for G20 leaders.
Following the Hamburg meeting, a limited ceasefire in the southwest of Syria was implemented, but US officials who spoke to the Post said that the discontinuation of the CIA program was not a condition of that development.
At a White House briefing, Assistant Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders was asked if Trump is ending the program. She said she can't comment "at this time." Sanders also said it did not come up at the dinner with Putin at the G20, as far as she is "aware of."
It's unclear what assurances, if any, Trump could have offered Putin in private. The pair spoke through the Kremlin's official translator.
According to the Post, the decision to stop CIA funding for the program does not impact the Pentagon-led effort to work with US-backed Syrian rebels in the fight against ISIS.