WRAL Investigates

10 years later, questions surround Jesica's Hope Chest charity

Posted October 23, 2013

Jesica Santillan
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— Ten years after a Louisburg teenager died at Duke University Hospital following a botched organ transplant, questions surround a charity created in her honor and the man in charge of the funds.

When Duke transplanted a heart and lung with the wrong blood type into 17-year-old Jesica Santillan in 2003, the public was not only introduced to the teenager and her family, they were also introduced to Mack Mahoney.

Mahoney, a Franklin County builder, got to know the Santillan family after seeing a newspaper article about the girl and the surgery she needed. He reached out to the family and started a nonprofit, Jesica’s Hope Chest, to raise money for her surgery. As the funds grew, Mahoney said, the remaining money would be used to help other sick children.

Santillan's story quickly spread and garnered intense local and national attention. After receiving a heart and lungs from a donor with a different blood type, the teenager never recovered. She died Feb. 22, 2003, after a second transplant tried to override the damage of the first.

Mahoney served as the family's official spokesman and power of attorney. He helped broker their private financial settlement with Duke and continued to run Jesica's Hope Chest, which received money through donations and the sale of homes, which Mahoney built using volunteer labor and donated materials.

Over a 10-year period before and after Santillan's death, the charity brought in more than $450,000 in donations and revenue from home sales. Tax records show the charity gave about $100,000 in assistance to families. Another $83,000 went to grants and allocations, but there is no explanation given.

In places, the tax records are confusing. In the fiscal year of Santillan's death, $90,000 in cash donations were recorded. In 2004, after a new bookkeeper came on board, the $90,000 in cash contributions was then recorded as $9,000 on tax forms.

The WRAL Investigates team tried to reach the bookkeeper, Carolyn Holmes, for an explanation, but she has not responded.

Archived pages of the nonprofit website show the group helped families in North Carolina and out of state, but the thank-you notes from parents trail off after the early years of the operation.

In later years, records show pay outs, such as $22,000 for advertising and $8,400 for computers in 2004, while just $9,800 was spent on families that same year. By the end in 2010, $10 was left on the books, and board minutes show a slow economy was to blame for closing Jesica's Hope Chest.

Jesica Santillan Questions surround Jesica's Hope Chest charity

Still, some in Franklin County, including Danny Pearce, would like to know more. Pearce was one of the original board members for Jesica's Hope Chest, but says he was never allowed to see any financial statements. Another board member and former executive director say they were also not allowed to see financial statements.

"When I asked those questions and didn't get the answer, I got a queasy feeling," Pearce said.

As the nonprofit was winding down in 2010, three pieces of property owned by Jesica's Hope Chest at Lake Royale in Bunn were sold to a private citizen for $5,000 – well below the tax assessed value. It was recorded as a $13,000 loss for the nonprofit.

A 2009 tax return says the lots were "scrapped" because of a lightning strike, but the lots are in three different places. The WRAL Investigates team did not see noticeable damage during a recent visit. Eight months later, the three lots were sold to Mahoney's construction company for the same price – $5,000.

North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper says Jesica's Hope Chest never asked for or received permission to sell the Lake Royale properties.

Mack Mahoney February 2003: Mack Mahoney talks about Jesica's prognosis

"When a nonprofit decides to dissolve or transfer a significant part of tax assets, they are required to get approval from the AG's office," Cooper said.

"From what you've told me, I'd have great concerns because of appearances," Cooper added. "Obviously, our office will look into this matter to determine if everything was done properly and to determine if there's anything we need to do."

Steve Trubilla says he would also like to know if the charity was handled properly. Trubilla, a former friend of Mahoney's, says he was initially impressed by Mahoney's story of helping Santillan but began to have questions.

"Mack Mahoney is a very colorful guy," Trubilla said. "He came across as very proud that he was able to beat the establishment."

Trubilla says he knows the three lots at Lake Royale well. When Trubilla loaned Mahoney $50,000, those properties were on a list of nine lots that would be used for collateral, he said.

"As collateral, they put up those lots at Lake Royale, and they represented them to be valued at $103,000," Trubilla said.

Mahoney didn't pay back the money, according to Trubilla, who says he's now stuck with the land.

The WRAL Investigates team visited Mahoney's home three times and left contact information. He emailed and said he'd answer any questions, but has yet to respond.

Mahoney has filed for personal bankruptcy. Court documents show he and his wife and his four businesses are $1.3 million in debt. He owes money for bank loans, credit cards and $27,500 to Santillan's mother for a personal loan. That's left many in Franklin County, including Pearce, wondering how Mahoney handled the financial end of the nonprofit.

"A lot of people question what monies came in and what monies went out to whom. A lot of people question that. Yes, they do," Pearce said.

The WRAL Investigates team tried to reach Santillan's mother for comment about the charity and its finances but did not get a response.


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  • Good Bye WRAL Oct 25, 2013

    When anybody tries to 'organize' and group charitable giving, there's too much gray area to track and feel confident that the money's being used as intended. That's why government based 'charity' (entitlement & welfare programs) are so inefficient and rife with abuse. It's also why I give directly to those who need some charity and to programs with a strong record of verifiable activity. I think it's very rare that the 'change jars' we see all over the place actually go where intended.

  • carrboroyouth Oct 24, 2013

    jackflash - I'm with you. I can't believe that someone would suggest that one child deserves to live less than the other because of where she was born.

  • El Hans Oct 24, 2013

    "My other concern is the fact that two organ transplants were done on a non-citizen, and some U.S. citizen died because they didn't get the organs..." - tierneemalinadeveaux
    October 24, 2013 2:24 p.m

    It's a young girl hoping for the opportunity to just live. Who cares what her nationality or immigration status is? Come on, people!

  • Jack Flash Oct 24, 2013

    "two organ transplants were done on a non-citizen, and some U.S. citizen died because they didn't get the organs..."

    Who was the U.S. citizen who died?

    What medical and moral codes dictate that the value of a person's life is determined by his or her nationality?

  • rachel Oct 24, 2013

    he found a cause he could exploit in the newspapers to his financial advantage and with the help of the press, he had a field day-and now he just declares bankruptcy and gets a "do over"- probably looking for another "social cause" to exploit

  • tierneemalinadeveaux Oct 24, 2013

    And we are surprised because? My other concern is the fact that two organ transplants were done on a non-citizen, and some U.S. citizen died because they didn't get the organs...

  • Obamacare is here Oct 24, 2013

    Looks like a lot of people got wealthy becuase of this girl's death. This is disgusting on so many levels.

  • scubagirl2 Oct 24, 2013

    I am also surprised it's been 10 years. Didn't like him then and like him even less now.!

  • wildpig777 Oct 24, 2013

    just fired off an e mail to roy coopers office telling him to earn his pay and investigate this.... has all the ear marks of a piece o work getting over in THE WORST SORT OF WAY.....

  • El Hans Oct 24, 2013

    Well, I guess WRAL won't let me post my true feelings about this wonderful "gentleman". Sorry the family and everyone else fell for his deceit.